subscribe: Posts | Comments | Email

Balanced reciprocal translocation 5,18: a case report

Comments Off

Case Report

Tehran Univ Med J (TUMJ) 2014 May;72(2):134-8

Author Affiliations:
Shahram Savad M.D., Ph.D.1 Niusha Samadaian M.Sc.1
Roza Azam M.Sc.1
Vahid Nikoui Ph.D. Candidate2
Mohammad Hossein Modarressi M.D., Ph.D.1*

1- Department of Medical Genetics, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

*Corresponding author: Department of Medical Genetics, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Pour Sina St., Qods St., Keshavarz Blvd., Tehran, Iran.
Tel: +98- 21- 88953005
E-mail: modaresi@tums.ac.ir

Received: 14 Dec. 2013    Accepted: 15 Feb. 2014    Available online: 01 Apr. 2014

Abstract:
Background: A balanced reciprocal translocation is a structural abnormality, which at least consist of breakage of two non-homologous chromosomes along with pieces exchange and form quadrivalant structure that can produce unbalanced chromosomes during meiosis I and result in a fetus abortion. The aim of the present study is to offer using preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) 24sure array, which delivers aneuploidy screening of 24 chromosomes, within a few hours to increase fertility and bearing a child without chromosomal abnormality of this couple. This technique could replace embryo donation for child bearing of this couple. (more…)


Shoulder pain following laparoscopic: a randomized clinical trial: a brief report

Comments Off

Brief Report

Tehran Univ Med J (TUMJ) 2014 May;72(2):129-33

Author Affiliations:
Ali Zahedian M.D.1*
Mohsen Shoja M.Sc.2
Hadi Mollazade3
Masoomeh Taiebi M.D.4

1- Department of Surgeon, Imam Khomeini Hospital and Nursing faculty of Esfarayen, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran.
2- Epidemiology, Nursing faculty of Esfarayen, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran.
3- Nursing Student, Nursing faculty of Esfarayen, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran.
4- Physician, Nursing Faculty of Esfarayen, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran.

*Corresponding author: Department of Surgeon, Imam Khomeini Hospital of Esfarayen, Imam Reza Ave., Esfarayen, Iran.
Tel: +98- 585- 7222469
E-mail: alizahed20@yahoo.com

Received: 24 Sep. 2013    Accepted: 15 Feb. 2014    Available online: 01 Apr. 2014

Abstract:
Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a way of removing the gallbladder. But like other surgeries, this procedure has some side effects such as postoperative shoulder pain. This study evaluates the effect of different gas flow rates into the abdominal cavity on postoperative shoulder pain in laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients. (more…)


Scolicidal effects of Berberis vulgaris fruit extract on hydatid cyst protoscolices

Comments Off

Original Article

Tehran Univ Med J (TUMJ) 2014 May;72(2):121-8

Author Affiliations:
Nima Salehi M.Sc.1
Soheila Rouhani D.V.M., Ph.D.1*
Mohammad Kamalinejad M.Sc.2
Farid Zayeri Ph.D.3
Afshin Motaghifar D.V.M.4

1- Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Faculty of Paramedical, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4- Department of Veterinary, Maysam abattoir, Robatkarim, Tehran, Iran.

*Corresponding author: Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Koodak-yar Ave., Daneshjoo Blvd, Evin, Chamran High way, Tehran, Iran.
Tel: +98- 21- 23872564
E-mail: srouhani11@sbmu.ac.ir, srouhani11@yahoo.com

Received: 29 Jun. 2013    Accepted: 15 Feb. 2014    Available online: 01 Apr. 2014

Abstract:
Background: Surgery is one of the best choices for the treatment of hydatidosis. The use of effective scolicidal agents during surgery for hydatid cyst is essential to prevent the secondary infection. Up to now no effective and safe agent has been identified for this purpose. Berberis vulgaris called “Zereshk” in Persian has been traditionally used as herbal remedy for the treatment of complaints and it is widely cultivated in Iran. Many studies have shown that it has antibacterial, antifungal and antiparasitic effect. (more…)


Toxic shock syndrome toxin level in wound samples of hospitalized children with burn: a case control study

Comments Off

Original Article

Tehran Univ Med J (TUMJ) 2014 May;72(2):113-20

Author Affiliations:
Shima Javadinia M.D.1
Ramin Asgarian Ph.D.2
Samileh Noorbaksh M.D.2
Behnam Soboti M.D.3 Mohammad Reza Shokrollahi M.D.4
Azardokht Tabatabaee M.Sc.2*

1- Department of Internal Medicine, Research Center of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Pediatric Infectious Disease, Research Center of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Shahid Motahari Burn Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4- Department of Pediatric Infectious Disease, Hazrat-e- Masoumeh Hospital, Ghom University of Medical Sciences, Ghom, Iran.

*Corresponding author: Hazrat-e-Rasool Akram Hospital, Niayesh St., Sattarkhan Ave., Tehran University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Tehran, Iran.
Tel: +98- 21- 66516049
E-mail: cpidir@gmail.com

Received: 19 Oct. 2013    Accepted: 15 Feb. 2014    Available online: 01 Apr. 2014

Abstract:
Background: Toxic shock syndrome (TSS), a dangerous consequence of Toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1) caused by Staphylococcus aureus. The early detection for infections of Staphylococcus aureus in burned children is very important, also the prevention for consequences of TSST-1. Fever is one of the most noticeable sign in burned children. On the other hand, fever is one of the important consequences of TSST-1 production. This study aimed to assess the toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 level in the wound’s specimens of two groups febrile and afebrile in the hospitalized burned children in Motahari hospital Tehran, Iran in the year 2013. (more…)


An assessment of Toxoplasmosis antibodies seropositivity in children suffering Autism

Comments Off

Original Article

Tehran Univ Med J (TUMJ) 2014 May;72(2):106-12

Author Affiliations:
Shahla Afsharpaiman M.D.1
Amir Skandari M.D.2
Maryam Zareian Jahromi M.D.3
Shokoofeh Radfar M.D.4
Shahnaz Shirbazoo Ph.D.5
Susan Amirsalari M.D.6*
Mohammad Torkaman M.D.7

1- Health Research Center, Department of Pediatric, Faculty of Medicine, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Students Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- General Practitioner, Endocrine Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
4- Department of Psychiatric, Faculty of Medicine, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
5- Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
6- New Hearing Technology Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
7- Department of Pediatric, Faculty of Medicine, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran-Iran.

*Corresponding author: New Hearing Technology Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Mollasadra Ave., Tehran, Iran.
Tel: +98- 21- 81263716
E-mail: susanamirsalari@yahoo.com

Received: 06 Oct. 2013    Accepted: 12 Feb. 2014    Available online: 01 Apr. 2014

Abstract:
Background: Toxoplasma gondii, is a mandatory intracellular protozoa, that many people worldwide are infected with. In children, the infection enters central nervous system and leads to inflammation of the gray matter. Autism, is a complex developmental disorder, altering social communication, with unknown origin. Neuropathological changes in autism are the same as those occurred in brain toxoplasmosis. The objective of this survey was to evaluate positive serology of toxoplasma gondii, in autistic children. (more…)


Angiotensin II of paraventricular nucleus is exaggerated the renal ischemia-reperfusion injury

Comments Off

Original Article

Tehran Univ Med J (TUMJ) 2014 May;72(2):96-105

Author Affiliations:
Behjat Seifi Ph.D.1*
Mehri Kadkhodaee Ph.D.1
Enayatollah Bakhshi Ph.D.2
Mina Ranjbaran Ph.D. Student1
Parisa Ahghari Ph.D. Student3
Bahareh Yasrebi B.Sc.4

1- Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Biostatistics, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, International Campus, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Children Medical Center, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

*Corresponding author: Department of Medical Physiology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Poursina St., Keshavarz Blvd., Tehran, Iran.
Tel: +98- 21- 64053288
E-mail: b-seifi@tums.ac.ir

Received: 26 Nov. 2013    Accepted: 12 Feb. 2014   Available online: 01 Apr. 2014

Abstract:
Background: The renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) is enhanced in renal failure. Paraventricular nucleus in hypothalamus is an important central site to regulate sympathetic activity. There are angiotensin II (Ang) II receptors in this nucleus. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of angiotensin II in hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) on renal ischemia-reperfusion injury and RSNA. (more…)


Ten-year evaluation of cardiac myxoma in Shahid Modarres Hospital

Comments Off

Original Article

Tehran Univ Med J (TUMJ) 2014 May;72(2):87-95

Author Affiliations:
Seyed Masoud Majidi Tehrani M.D.1
Hamid Ghaderi M.D.2*
Mahnoosh Foroughi M.D.2
Manouchehr Hekmat M.D.1
Mahmoud Beheshti Monfared M.D.2
Hassan Tatari M.D.1
Seyed Mohsen Mirhosseini M.D.2
Zargham Hossein Ahmadi M.D.3
Zahra Ansari Aval M.D.3
Seyedeh Adeleh Mirjafari M.D.4

1- Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Shahid Modarres Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Cardiovascular Research Center, Resident of Cardiovascular Surgery, Shahid Modarres Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Lung Transplantation Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4- Physician and Researcher, Brain and Spinal Injury Research Center (BASIR), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

*Corresponding author: Cardiovascular Research center, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Shahid Modarress Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical sciences, Saadat Abad, PO Box 1998734383, Tehran, Iran.
Tel: +98- 21- 22083106
E-mail: hghaderi@razi.tums.ac.ir

Received: 30 Aug. 2013   Accepted: 08 Feb. 2014    Available online: 01 Apr. 2014

Abstract:
Background: Primary cardiac tumors are rare tumors which should be operated urgently. In this study, cardiac myxoma have been evaluated from diagnosis until discharge in a 10 years period and then results including presenting symptoms, approach to the patients were compared with similar study in this center on one decade ago. (more…)


Exposure to asbestos in patients with malignant mesothelioma in Iran

Comments Off

Original Article

Tehran Univ Med J (TUMJ) 2014 May;72(2):79-86

Author Affiliations:
Gholamreza Pouryaghoub M.D.1
Ramin Mehrdad M.D., M.P.H.2
Soussan Salehpour M.D.3
Mehran Shahryari M.D.1*

1- Department of Occupational Medicine, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Center for Research on Occupational Diseases (CROD), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center (NRITLD), Masih Daneshvari Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

*Corresponding author: No.28, 1/172 St., Sajdehee St., Jashnvareh Ave., Tehranpars, Tehran, Iran.
Tel: +98- 21- 77703748
E-mail: MSH7073@yahoo.com

Received: 15 Jul. 2013    Accepted: 08 Feb. 2014    Available online: 01 Apr. 2014

Abstract:
Background: Cancer is the third cause of mortality in Iran. Approximately 5-10% of all human cancers are thought to be caused by occupational exposure to carcinogens. Diffuse mesotheliomas of the peritoneum and pleura are considered “signal tumors,” or pathognomonic of exposure to asbestos. There is also evidence that nonasbestos agents can induce malignant mesotheliomas. Then, we need to study the history of exposure to   asbestos in patients suffering from mesothelima to determine relationship between them in Iran, especially in occupational settings. (more…)


Identification of Burkholderia cepacia in patients with cystic fibrosis by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis

Comments Off

Original Article

Tehran Univ Med J (TUMJ) 2014 May;72(2):72-8

Author Affiliations:
Mohammad Mehdi Soltan Dallal Ph.D.1,2*
Celin Telefian M.Sc.2
Massoud Hajia Ph.D.1,3
Enayat Kalantar Ph.D.1,4
Ali Reza Dolatyar Dehkhar-ghani M.Sc.3
Abbas Rahimi Forushani Ph.D.5
Qamartaj Khanbabaei M.D.6
Mandana Mobarhan M.Sc.7
Marjan Farzami M.D.3

1- Food Microbiology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Division Bacteriology, Department of Pathobiology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Iranian Reference Health Laboratory, Tehran, Iran.
4- Department of Microbiology, School of Medicin, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran.
5- Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
6- Department of. Pediatrics, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
7- Pediatric Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

*Corresponding author: Department of Pathobiology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Tel: +98- 21- 88992971
E-mail: soltanirad34@yahoo.com

Received: 26 Aug. 2013    Accepted: 15 Feb. 2014    Available online: 01 Apr. 2014

Abstract:
Background: Complex of Burkholderia cepacia is one of the main and serious causes of infections in cystic fibrosis patients that can be highly transmissible. Small hospital outbreaks are frequent and are usually due to a single contaminated environmental source. The pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) is widely used to identify the strain emission sources in cystic fibrosis patients. The aim of this research was to study genotyping of Burkholderia cepacia using PFGE method, and to evaluate diversity complex of clinical strains isolated from cystic fibrosis patients. (more…)


Effects of L-NAME on morphometric parameters of stomach parietal cells in pregnant rats

Comments Off

Original Article

Tehran Univ Med J (TUMJ) 2014 May;72(2):65-71

Author Affiliations:
Seyed Mohammad Hossein Noori Mugahi Ph.D.1
Tahmineh Mokhtari Ph.D. Student2
Ameneh Omidi M.Sc.2
Nasrin Takzaree Ph.D. Student1*

1- Department of Histology, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

*Corresponding author: Poursina Ave., School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box: 13145-784, Tehran, Iran.
Tel: +98- 21- 88953008
E-mail: takzaree@gmail.com

Received: 11 Nov. 2013   Accepted: 15 Feb. 2014    Available online: 01 Apr. 2014

Abstract:
Background: Considering nitric oxide (NO) has an important role in many biologic processes of cells and tissues such as in the digestive system and in this system act as a second messenger in pathological and physiological events in gastrointestinal region, in this study we investigated the effects of L-NG-Nitro arginine Methyl Ester (L-NAME) as the NO formation inhibitor on parietal cells of stomach in pregnant rats. (more…)


Table of Contents >> Tehran University Medical Journal (TUMJ), Volume 72, Number 1, April 2014

Comments Off

Reciprocal effects of cadmium and pH on the intestinal absorption of fatty acids in rat
Emami Razavi A, Basati Gh, Abdi S.

CAM visual stimulation with conventional method of occlusion treatment in amblyopia: a randomized clinical trial
Jafari A.R, Shafiee A.A, Mirzajani A, Jamali P.

Correlation of liver enzymes and sonographic findings with pulsatile index of middle cerebral and basilar arteries in nonalcoholic fatty liver
Rezamand Gh, Ghabaee M, Ebrahimi Daryani N, Ghadami H.

Plasma levels of osteocalcin and retinol binding protein-4 in patients with medullary thyroid carcinoma
Lotfi J, Taghikhani M, Zarif Yeganeh M, Sheikholeslami S, Hedayati M.

Isolation, amplification and identification of mesenchymal stem cells derived from human adipose tissue
Sadighi S, Khoshzban A, Tavakoli A.H, Khatib Semnani R, Sobhani Z, Dadashpur Majidabad N.

The relationship between T CD4+ cells count and IL-17, IL-11 serum level in idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
Alizadeh N, Abediankenari S, Janbabaei Gh, Karami H, Alizadeh A.

Adamantane and Neuraminidase resistant influenza A/H3N2 isolated in Iran from 2005 to 2013
Yavarian J, Shafiei Jandaghi N.Z, Rezeai F, Mokhtari Azad T.

Presenting features and outcome of rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis in two referral center in Mashhad
Tavanaee Sani A, Fata A.M, Arian M.

Prevalence of HLA-B*57:01 allele in HIV-infected patients in a university hospital in Tehran
Haji-Abdolbaghi M, Rasoolinejad M, Abbasian L, Amir Zargar A, Emadi Koochak H, Moradnejad P, Mohammadi N, Pashae Zanjani A, Bayanolhagh S, Sadr Poor P.

Post treatment thyroid dysfunction and obesity in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma:  a brief report
Ghasemi A, Banihashem A, Ghaemi N, Elmi S, Esmaeili H, Erfani Sayyar R, Elmi S.