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Table of Contents >> Tehran University Medical Journal (TUMJ), Volume 71, Number 9, December 2013

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Developmental outcome of low birth-weight and preterm newborns: a review of current evidence
Soleimani F, Zaheri F, Abdi F.

Effects of aspirin on renal cortical and medullary tissues in rat embryos
Sadraie S.H, Rezaei F, Azarnia M, Kaka Gh, Jahani S, Shabani Z.

Levetiracetam and lamotrigine in old aged onset of epilepsy: a randomized double-blind clinical trial
Motamedi M, Ghini M.R, Etemadi P, Ramim T.

Therapeutic effects of diaphragmatic plication for acquired unilateral non-malignant diaphragm paralysis in twenty patients
Bagheri R, Haghi S.Z, Rajabi Mashhadi M, Tavassoli A, Attaran D, Akhlaghi S, Barekati N, Esmaeeli M.

Re- reconstructive surgery in failure of genitoplasty in male-to-female transsexuals
Tavakkoli Tabassi K, Ameli M, Gholami Mahtaj L.

Relationship between advanced glycation end-products with the severity of chronic heart failure in 85 patients
Zand Parsa A.F, Nejati S, Esteghamati A.

Association between androgenetic alopecia with hyperlipidemia: a comparative study
Taheri R, Mali S, Aziz Zadeh M, Ghorbani R.

The effect of eight week interval acute training on plasma visfatin, TNF-α and IL-6 in rats: a brief report
Daryanoosh F, Jafari H, Rahimi E, Mehrbani D, Soltani F.

Severe anemia and hydrops in a neonate with parvovirus B19 infection: a case report
Sajjadian N, Jahadi R.

A rare anatomical variation of the palmar vascular pattern: a case report
Sargolzaei Aval F, Hedayatpour A.


A rare anatomical variation of the palmar vascular pattern: a case report

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Case Report

Tehran Univ Med J (TUMJ) 2013 December;71(9):613-6

Author Affiliations:
Fereydoon Sargolzaei Aval Ph.D.1*
Azim Hedayatpour Ph.D.2

1- Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.
2- Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

* Corresponding author: Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Jannat Blvd., Prof. Hesabi Sq., Zahedan, Iran.
Tel: +98-541-3414575
E-mail: fsargolzaei@yahoo.com

Received: 22 May 2013    Accepted: 06 July 2013    Available online: 01 Nov. 2013

Abstract:
Background: The anatomy of the palmar vascular arches and their variations, being one of the most challenging anatomical regions for reconstructive surgeon. (more…)


Severe anemia and hydrops in a neonate with parvovirus B19 infection: a case report

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Case Report

Tehran Univ Med J (TUMJ) 2013 December;71(9):609-12

Author Affiliations:
Negar Sajjadian M.D.1*
Ramin Jahadi M.D.2

1- Department of Pediatrics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Surgery,  Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Hormozgan, Iran.

* Corresponding author: North Kargar Ave., Shariati Hospital, Tehran, Iran.
Tel: +98-21-84902541
E-mail: nsajadian@tums.ac.ir

Received: 23 May 2013    Accepted: 06 July 2013    Available online: 01 Nov. 2013

Abstract:
Background: Anemia at the time of birth may cause some problem like asphyxia, heart failure shock or even death in a neonate. Different etiologies can be considered for this problem. Parvovirus B19, as a viral organism, can cause hydrops fetalis and neonatal anemia and consequent complications. We present here a case of newborn infant with severe anemia who had human parvovirus B19 infection. (more…)


The effect of eight week interval acute training on plasma visfatin, TNF-α and IL-6 in rats: a brief report

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Brief Report

Tehran Univ Med J (TUMJ) 2013 December;71(9):603-8

Author Affiliations:
Farhad Daryanoosh Ph.D.1
Hossein Jafari M.D.2*
Eskandar Rahimi Ph.D.3
Davood Mehrbani Ph.D.4
Firouz Soltani M.D.2

1- Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.
2- Department of Exercise Physiology, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.
3- Department of Physical Education, Islamic Azad University of Shiraz, Shiraz, Iran.
4- Shiraz University of Medical Science, Shiraz, Iran.

* Corresponding author: Department of Exercise Physiology, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.
Tel: +98-711-6134634
E-mail: physio.shirazu@yahoo.com

Received: 30 Apr. 2013    Accepted: 06 July 2013    Available online: 01 Nov. 2013

Abstract:
Background: Adipokines are peptides secreted by adipose tissue that affect whole-body energy metabolism. Exercise training exerts beneficial effects on adipose tissue. However, less is known regarding visfatin’s, IL-6 & TNF-α response to an interval acute training. Therefore, we investigated the effects of acute interval exercise on plasma visfatin, TNF-α and IL-6 levels, in healthy female rats. Furthermore, correlate between changes probably these factors were also assessed. (more…)


Association between androgenetic alopecia and hyperlipidemia: a comparative study

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Original Article

Tehran Univ Med J (TUMJ) 2013 December;71(9):596-602

Author Affiliations:
Ramin Taheri M.D.1
Sara Mali M.D.2
Maryam Aziz Zadeh M.D.1
Raheb Ghorbani Ph.D.3*

1- Department of Dermatology, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran.
2- General Practitioner, Semnan University Of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran.
3- Research Center for Social Determinants of Health, Department of Community Medicine , Faculty of Medicine, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran.

* Corresponding author: 5th Km Damghan Road, Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran.
Tel: +98-231-4440225
E-mail: ghorbani_raheb@yahoo.com

Received: 03 Mar. 2013    Accepted: 06 July 2013    Available online: 01 Nov. 2013

Abstract:
Background: Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is the most common type of progressive balding that appears with early loss of hair, chiefly from the vertex. There has been significant relationship between AGA with coronary artery disease and related risk factors, such as hypertension in some studies. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between androgenetic alopecia with hyperlipidemia. (more…)


Relationship between advanced glycation end-products with the severity of chronic heart failure in 85 patients

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Original Article

Tehran Univ Med J (TUMJ) 2013 December;71(9):589-95

Author Affiliations:
Amir Farhang Zand Parsa M.D.1*
Soudabeh Nejati M.D.1
Alireza Esteghamati M.D.2

1- Department of Cardiology, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Endocrinology Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

* Corresponding author: Keshavarz Blvd., Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran, Iran.
Tel: +98-21-61192647
E-mail: zandparsa@tums.ac.ir

Received: 19 May 2013    Accepted: 06 July 2013    Available online: 01 Nov. 2013

Abstract:
Background: Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) came up with the recent researches regarding new biomarkers for the diagnosis of heart failure. AGEs are the end products of non-enzymatic glycation and oxidation of proteins, lipids and nucleotides during Maillard biochemical reaction. Although it has been known that AGEs have a role in the pathogenesis of chronic heart failure (CHF), information regarding its role and its pathogenetic mechanism is very limited. The aim of this study was to find any relationship between AGEs with the etiology and severity of chronic heart failure. (more…)


Re- reconstructive surgery in failure of genitoplasty in male-to-female transsexuals

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Original Article

Tehran Univ Med J (TUMJ) 2013 December;71(9):584-8

Author Affiliations:
Kamyar Tavakkoli Tabassi M.D.1*
Mojtaba Ameli M.D.1
Leila Gholami Mahtaj M.Sc.2

1- Department of Urology, Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
2- Department of Physiology, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

* Corresponding author: Dept. of Urology, Imam Reza Hospital, Ibne Sina St., Mashhad, Iran.
Tel: +98-511-8022553
E-mail: kamiartt@yahoo.com

Received: 18 May 2013    Accepted: 07 Aug. 2013    Available online: 01 Nov. 2013

Abstract:
Background: Various surgical procedures were described for the correction of the external genitalia in male-to-female transsexualism. In all these methods complications such as vaginal stenosis, unpleasant appearance of external genitalia and lack of consent are seen. This paper describes a method of surgery for repair of these complications and success rate of this surgery. (more…)


Therapeutic effects of diaphragmatic plication for acquired unilateral non-malignant diaphragm paralysis in twenty patients

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Original Article

Tehran Univ Med J (TUMJ) 2013 December;71(9):577-83

Author Affiliations:
Reza Bagheri M.D.1
Seyed Ziaollah Haghi M.D.1
Mohammadtaghi Rajabi   Mashhadi M.D.2*
Alireza Tavassoli M.D.2
Davoud Attaran M.D.3
Saeed Akhlaghi M.Sc.4
Neusha Barekati M.D.5
Maryam Esmaeeli M.D.6

1- Department of Thoracic Surgery, Cardio- Thoracic Surgery & Transplant Research Center, Emam Reza Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
2- Endoscopic & Minimally Invasive Surgery Research Center, Ghaem Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
3- Tuberculosis Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Science, Mashhad, Iran.
4- Department of Statistics, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
5- General Practitioner, Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
6- Student of Medical Sciences.

* Corresponding author: Endoscopic & Minimally Invasive Surgery Research Center, Ghaem Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Tel: +98-511-8012806
E-mail: rajabimt@mums.ac.ir

Received: 02 July 2013    Accepted: 24 Aug. 2013    Available online: 01 Nov. 2013

Abstract:
Background: Acquired paralysis of the diaphragm is a condition caused by trauma, surgical injuries, (lung cancer surgery, esophageal surgery, cardiac surgery, thoracic surgery), and is sometimes of an unknown etiology. It can lead to dyspnea and can affect ventilatory function and patients activity. Diaphragmatic plication is a treatment method which decreases inconsistent function of diaphragm. The aim of this study is to evaluate the outcome of diaphragmatic plication in patients with acquired unilateral non-malignant diaphragmatic paralysis. (more…)


Levetiracetam and lamotrigine in old aged onset of epilepsy: a randomized double-blind clinical trial

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Original Article

Tehran Univ Med J (TUMJ) 2013 December;71(9):568-76

Author Affiliations:
Mahmood Motamedi M.D.1
Mohammad Reza Ghini M.D.1
Pardis Etemadi M.D.1
Tayeb Ramim M.D.2*

1- Department of Neurology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Researcher, Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

* Corresponding author: Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Sina Hospital, Imam Khomeini Ave., Hassan Abad Sq., Tehran, Iran.
Tel: +98-21-6312315
E-mail: dr.tayebramim@gmail.com

Received: 31 Aug. 2013    Accepted: 06 Jul. 2013    Available online: 01 Nov. 2013

Abstract:
Background: Choosing the right drug with the least side effects and highest effectiveness for the control of seizures in the elderly is important. The aim of this study was compare the efficacy of lamotrigine and levetiracetam in the management of epilepsy in the elderly. (more…)


Effects of aspirin on renal cortical and medullary tissues in rat embryos

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Original Article

Tehran Univ Med J (TUMJ) 2013 December;71(9):562-7

Author Affiliations:
Seyed Homayoon Sadraie Ph.D.1
Fatemeh Rezaei M.Sc.2
Mahnaz Azarnia Ph.D.2
Gholamreza Kaka Ph.D.3*
Soheila Jahani M.Sc.2
Zahra Shabani M.Sc.4

1- Neurosciences Research Center, Department of Anatomy, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Biology, Kharazmy University, Tehran, Iran.
3- Neurosciences Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4- Department of Biology, School of Science, Tehran North branch, AZAD Islamic University, Tehran, Iran.

* Corresponding author: Baqiyatallah University, Neurosciences Research Center, Tehran, Iran.
Tel: +98-21-26127286
E-mail: gh_kaka@yahoo.com

Received: 09 Jun. 2013    Accepted: 11 Sep. 2013    Available online: 01 Nov. 2013

Abstract:
Background: Aspirin is the drug of the century, and is a multifunctional drug and one of the most prescribed drugs in the world. Aspirin is a safe drug at low doses but also it has life-threatening side effects when administered at high doses. This study investigates the effects of aspirin on renal cortical and medullary tissue in rat embryos. (more…)


Developmental outcome of low birth-weight and preterm newborns: a review of current evidence

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Review Article

Tehran Univ Med J (TUMJ) 2013 December;71(9):551-61

Author Affiliations:
Farin Soleimani M.D.1
Farzaneh Zaheri2
Fatemeh Abdi3*

1- Department of Pediatric, Pediatric Neurorehabilitation Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Ph.D. Student, Department of Midwifery, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.
3- Ph.D. Student, Students Research Committee, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

* Corresponding author: Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Shahid Chamran Highway, Velenjak St., Tehran, Iran.
Tel: +98-21-22180099
E-mail: abdi@sbmu.ac.ir

Received: 03 July 2013    Accepted: 11 Sep. 2013    Available online: 01 Nov. 2013

Abstract:
Low birth weight (LBW) and preterm birth are one the most important causes of death in the world and therefore are considered as one of the major health problems. Global statistics demonstrates an increase in the prevalence of low birth weight in the developing countries. Low birth weight infants are exposed to complications such as major neurosensory impairements, cerebral palsy, cognitive and language delays, neuromotor developmental delay, blindness and hearing loss, behavioral and psychosocial disorders, learning difficulties and dysfunction in scholastic performances. (more…)